For a long time, I’ve had a small box plugged into my TV running Kodi (formerly XBMC). The original inspiration was Jeff Atwood’s 2013 HTPC build which led to the creation of my current media box. I used roughly the same case, motherboard and CPU and discovered that this was powerful enough to both occasionally play some media files and also fiddle about with for some other projects.
As time wore on, a few things happened. Firstly, I didn’t make too much of an effort to make it particularly quiet. There’s a lot I could do to reduce fan noise and get it down to a whisper, but I can’t really be bothered. Secondly, with the acquisition of a couple of HP’s excellent value Gen8 Microservers, I don’t really need that much compute power (and therefore, cooling) under my TV. Finally, Raspberry Pis became awesome. They always were awesome, but with a faster processor, a decent amount of memory and the existing built-in hardware video decoding, it becomes a serious proposition for a silent, media playback machine.
I really like the rPI platform - I’ve currently got 2 in use, one as a VOIP PBX running Asterisk and another that uploads ADSB data to FlightRadar24. I’ve yet to be one of these slightly more hardcore electrical engineer types who actually solder stuff together and driver it with python, but I’m sure that day will come.
I had a spare rPI 2, so I downloaded the latest Raspbian, imaged it to a microSD card, plugged it into the TV and booted it up. Actually, I forgot that since last year, Raspbian disable the SSH server on their image unless you place an empty file called
ssh on the
/boot partition. So I subsequently turned it off, copied the file to the disk and then turned it back on again.
Kodi is available in the default repository so installing it is as simple as
apt install kodi
Usefully, this will also give you an init script in
/etc/init.d/kodi that you can use to start it. Simply doing
systemctl start kodi
Should give you output over the HDMI display ‘ no X or Wayland needed. Enabling on boot is as easy as
systemctl enable kodi
On an rPI 2 (and a 3), browsing the UI is pretty smooth. It’s a little juddery in places, but nothing to complain too much about. Where you’ll really notice the lack of CPU ability is when you ask it to do a lot: e.g. load a media library while also trying to use the UI. Then you’ll see the temperature spike and things start to slow down. Usefully, you only have to import a library once.
Tweaks (or, “Bits I needed to do and am documenting for my future self”)
There are a few things that I needed to do to fix some issues.
By default, the Raspberry Pi gives 64MB of memory to the GPU (out of its total). This is not enough for video playback in Kodi - playing media results in hearing audio, but not seeing any video come out (and also errors like
OMX_ErrorInsufficientResources, insufficient resources in the log file).
This is simply solved, give the GPU more memory. In
/boot/config.txt you can adjust the memory split:
On my rPI 3, I went with 226M. This seems like a pleasing number, and also appears to work. Bear in mind that this value is how much of the total amount of memory is given to the GPU, so the more the GPU has, the less the system has.
IR remotes (Streamzap) and Lirc
Back in the old days, if you wanted to get an IR remote working with Kodi, you had to fiddle with Lirc and XML mapping files. I was expecting to have to do this again, but was surprised to see that when starting Kodi for the first time with my Streamzap remote control plugged in, some of the keys worked. Basically the arrows, and the Play/Pause button. Nothing else though. Looking through the kernel modules, it appears that the latest kernel ships lirc modules enabling it to natively detect some remotes. In
[ 2.245517] usb 1-1.5: Product: Streamzap Remote Control [ 2.245526] usb 1-1.5: Manufacturer: Streamzap, Inc. [ 5.429770] Registered IR keymap rc-streamzap [ 5.430330] input: Streamzap PC Remote Infrared Receiver (0e9c:0000) as /devices/platform/soc/3f980000.usb/usb1/1-1/1-1.5/1-1.5:1.0/rc/rc0/input0 [ 5.430366] rc0: Streamzap PC Remote Infrared Receiver (0e9c:0000) as /devices/platform/soc/3f980000.usb/usb1/1-1/1-1.5/1-1.5:1.0/rc/rc0 [ 5.454491] input: MCE IR Keyboard/Mouse (streamzap) as /devices/virtual/input/input1 [ 5.454963] streamzap 1-1.5:1.0: Registered Streamzap, Inc. Streamzap Remote Control on usb1:4
So the kernel has registered it as an input device. Sure enough,
/dev/input/by-id/usb-Streamzap__Inc._Streamzap_Remote_Control-event-if00 existed. So how could I get all the keys to work?
It turns out that this is a slightly convoluted process.
Firstly, you can use
ir-keytable to make sure that the kernel lirc module recognizes the remote, and that it captures keypresses correctly.
$ ir-keytable Found /sys/class/rc/rc0/ (/dev/input/event0) with: Driver streamzap, table rc-streamzap Supported protocols: NEC RC-5 RC-6 JVC SONY SANYO LIRC RC-5-SZ SHARP XMP other Enabled protocols: LIRC RC-5-SZ Name: Streamzap PC Remote Infrared Rec bus: 3, vendor/product: 0e9c:0000, version: 0x0100 Repeat delay = 500 ms, repeat period = 125 ms $ ir-keytable -t <mash some ir keys> Testing events. Please, press CTRL-C to abort. 1485896642.136353: event type EV_MSC(0x04): scancode = 0x28d3 1485896642.136353: event type EV_KEY(0x01) key_down: KEY_RIGHT(0x0001) 1485896642.136353: event type EV_SYN(0x00). 1485896642.248345: event type EV_MSC(0x04): scancode = 0x28d3 1485896642.248345: event type EV_SYN(0x00). 1485896642.493787: event type EV_KEY(0x01) key_up: KEY_RIGHT(0x0001) 1485896642.493787: event type EV_SYN(0x00). 1485896643.232517: event type EV_MSC(0x04): scancode = 0x28d1 1485896643.232517: event type EV_KEY(0x01) key_down: KEY_LEFT(0x0001) 1485896643.232517: event type EV_SYN(0x00). 1485896643.336477: event type EV_MSC(0x04): scancode = 0x28d1 1485896643.336477: event type EV_SYN(0x00). 1485896643.583773: event type EV_KEY(0x01) key_up: KEY_LEFT(0x0001) 1485896643.583773: event type EV_SYN(0x00).
Next up is the mapping file. This lives in
/etc/rc_keymaps and tells the driver how to map different ir codes to the actual keys. Debian ships a streamzap file in
/lib/udev/rc_keymaps/streamzap, so this can just be copied to
Finally, lirc just needs to be installed and configured to use the inputdevice as a
/etc/lirc/hardware.conf the important bits:
LOAD_MODULES=true # Run "lircd --driver=help" for a list of supported drivers. DRIVER="devinput" # usually /dev/lirc0 is the correct setting for systems using udev DEVICE="/dev/input/by-id/usb-Streamzap__Inc._Streamzap_Remote_Control-event-if00"
Assuming that both Kodi and lircd are configured to start on boot, this should now produce a fully-working IR remote in Kodi when it starts up.
I wanted to change a few mappings for some functions in Kodi. Specifically, the coloured buttons have some default actions that aren’t that useful to me (start PVR, view pictures etc.). These can be changed by overriding Kodi’s
remotes.xml file. Copy the default from
/home/kodi/.kodi/userdata/keymaps/remote.xml and editing that lets you customize what logical key maps to which Kodi function. Simple.
Next thing to do is to work out what to do with the old hardware…